Preposition is a word or group of words used before a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase to show direction, time, place, location, spatial relationships, or to introduce an object.  

We use prepositions of location to show us where an object is which are as below:

On, above, beneath, under, underneath, out, in front of, at the back of, behind, in, inside, outside, in the centre of, in the middle of, down, up, beside, near, at, between, among, below.

For example:

- After weeks at sea, it was wonderful to feel firm ground beneath our feet once more.

- Standing between the two adults was a small child.

- As hard as she tried, she always fell behind the other swimmers in the races.

- I was standing just near enough to hear what they were saying.


We use preposition of direction to show us where an object is moving which are as below:

To, from, over, into, out of, round, up, down, through, towards, upwards, downwards, across.

For example:

- He struggled through the crowd till he reached the front.

- She held the umbrella over both of us.

- She kept glancing towards the phone.

- They're building a new bridge across the river.

  'Over' and 'among' are prepositions of place.  

'Over' is used for movement from one side to another, normally in an upward direction or across something.

For example:

- Fakrullah glanced at the clock over the door.

- The aeroplane flew over the building.

- The trees' branches intertwined to form a dark roof over the path.


'Among' is used when and object is surrounded by other objects.

For example:

- The sailors divided his money among themselves.

- I saw a few familiar faces among the crowd.

- The cost should be shared equally among the three of you.

  'Along' and 'against' are prepositions of position. They show the location of a person, an object or an animal.  

a. We use 'along' for things that are placed from one end to the other.

For example:

- Flowers are planted along the road.

b. 'Along' is also used when someone or something is moving in a constant direction.

For example:

- The couple enjoyed walking along the beach.


a. We use 'against' when someone or something is pressing on another object.

For example:

- Samy is leaning against the wall.

b. 'Against' is also used to talk about the physical contact made by two objects.

For example:

- The waves are crashing against the cliffs.